I. Wavelet calculations.
 1 Calculation of scaling filters.
 2 Calculation of scaling functions.
 3 Calculation of wavelets.
 4 Convergence of cascade procedure.
 5 Direct verification of wavelet properties.
 6 Adapting scaling function to the interval [0,1].
 7 Adapting wavelets to the interval [0,1].
 II. Calculation of approximation spaces in one dimension.
 III. Calculation of approximation spaces in one dimension II.
 IV. One dimensional problems.
 V. Stochastic optimization in one dimension.
 VI. Scalar product in N-dimensions.
 VII. Wavelet transform of payoff function in N-dimensions.
 VIII. Solving N-dimensional PDEs.

## Adapting scaling function to the interval [0,1]. dapting scaling functions to the interval [0,1] is based on the technique of the section ( Adapting GMRA to interval [0,1] ). The python code is located in the file "OTSProjects\python\wavelet\interval\interval.py".

The class PhiGenerator performs the task. The notation in the code follows the notation of the section ( Adapting GMRA to interval [0,1] ). The example of use may be found in the function "makePhiGen" in the file "_run_interval.py". The same file performs various direct verifications of correctness of the procedure.

Examination of the code in the file interval.py reveals that we slightly deviate from the procedure of the section ( Adapting GMRA to interval [0,1] ). The reason is numerical stability. The procedure is based on the scaling functions , that come from infinite cascade procedure. We have to stop the cascade procedure at some limited number of steps. As a result, we do not get exact biorthogonality of the translation bases around . The biorthogonality is essential for the procedure of the section ( Adapting GMRA to interval [0,1] ). Without it we do not get biorthogonality between internal and boundary scaling functions. If we start with a slight deviation from biorthogonality of then the error is amplified when we multiply by the matrixes and . To see this, calculate eigenvalues for the matrixes and . For symmetric biorthogonal scaling functions, calculated directly from the procedure of the section ( Adapting GMRA to interval [0,1] ) and (the smallest, simplest case), the 5 eigenvalues range from 2.5e-1 to 2.0e-11. This is the origin of numerical troubles that follow after that. On the other hand, achieving biorthogonality of with great precision is costly.

The difficulty originates in the approximation properties of the system that we use when constructing the initial boundary functions , , , . As we increase the maximal degree, the condition number of Gram matrix increases. To remove the difficulty, we rotate the system into shifted Legendre polynomials. Indeed, the matrix has eigenvalues in the range from 1.5 to 3.3e-6 for (see the script tPwrOrt.py) but the same matrix for the Legendre polynomials is equal to .

The more efficient solution is obtained by performing orthogonalization of polynomials with custom scalar product: for some positive on function . Indeed, our concern is preserving biorthogonality of vs (biorthogonality across the boundary index , and similarly on the right side). We expect one of the quantities , , , to deviate the most from zero. Therefore, we obtain good stability if we select from . Experimentation shows (see the classes CondNumberMinimizer and PolynomialMinimizer and the script _run_interval.py) that optimization of does not provide significant improvement over such recipe.

In addition, we use the Python module "decimal" to control numerical precision.

With these two modifications in place, it is possible to achieve precision for 8 steps of cascading procedure. We note for future use that only the functions are affected by the numerical instability because these are obtained via multiplication of with large-valued matrixes . The functions are obtained via multiplication with and, thus, are calculate with significantly better precision.

Our final remark is about extending results for scaling parameter to . Note that and may be used interchangeably to construct MRA (GMRA for pair). The spaces would be the same after shifting the parameter . Hence, we can recover boundary functions for by scaling and shifting the -scale boundary functions. We obtain the boundary functions by applying the operation to the functions for some translation parameter . The is selected by comparing supports: We perform a similar operation on the right: 